The Social Circle of S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky*

People associated with S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky

Updates and corrections to this list will be gratefully accepted.

Astaf’ev, Mikhail Aleksandrovich. An associate of Prokudin-Gorsky.

Bardakova, Mariia Nikolaevna. See: Prokudina-Gorskaia (Bardakova), Mariia Nikolaevna

Belozerskii, Taras Vasil’evich. Councillor of State, factory owner, and industrialist. In January 1913, an investor in the trust company and firm “S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky and Co.”

Bogdanov-Berezovskii, Fedor Valerianovich (1865-1907?). Chief of publications for the Community of St. Eugenia (The Red Cross). Prokudin-Gorsky corresponded with him in 1905 about producing color photographs of the major sights of note in Russia for subsequent publication as postcards by the Community of St. Eugenia.

Chelokaev, Nikolai Aleksandrovich. Prince; beginning in January 1913, co-owner of the trust company “S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky and Co.”

Demidov, Elim Pavlovich (1865-1943). Master of the Hunt of the Imperial Court, hereditary trustee of the Demidov House for the Care of Workers (from 1894 on, the “Anatoly Demidov” House), where Prokudin-Gorsky served as a full member from 1890 into the 1900s. The two did not maintain personal contact, but Prokudin-Gorsky gave great attention to photographing places with Demidov connections.

Dzhanmirza-Kushbegi. Chief minister of the Khanate of Bukhara from 1910 until 1920. He posed for Prokudin-Gorsky in 1911.

Ermilov, N. E. Scholar and photographer, member of the Fifth Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society, head of the editorial board of the journal Fotograficheskie novosti [Photographic News]. Member of the organizing committee that founded the Higher Institute for Photography and Phototechnology in 1918.

Evdokimov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich. Photographer, Member of the Fifth Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society. Collaborator with Prokudin-Gorsky and the creator of several early shots in his collection.

Govorukhin, Sergei Aleksandrovich. Chairman of the Rybinsk Photographic Society. Prokudin-Gorsky corresponded with him in 1906.

Kankrina, Vera Petrovna. Countess, Chair of the Development Commission of the Red Cross Committee. Prokudin-Gorsky signed an agreement with her on March 31, 1905, to produce color images of the major sights of note in Russia for subsequent publication as postcards by the Community of St. Eugenia.

Krasnov, Andrei Nikolaevich (1862-1914/15). Russian botanist, soil scientist, geographer, and paleobotanist. Founder of the Batumi Botanical Garden. He was evidently a guide for Prokudin-Gorsky during his shoots of Batumi flora in 1912.

Kulakov, Petr Efimovich. Crimean landowner, founder of the stereographic publishing house “Svet”. He traveled with Prokudin-Gorsky to visit L. N. Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana in May, 1908.

Lavrov, Adrian (Andrian) Mikhailovich. Editor and publisher of the journal Fotograf-liubitel [The Amateur Photographer], 1890-1906.

Lavrov, Aleksandr Stepanovich (1836-1904). Scholar and metallurgist, active member of the Imperial Russian Technological Society, general-major in the artillery. Prokudin-Gorsky’s father-in-law.

Lavrova, Anna Aleksandrovna (1870-1937). The first wife of Prokudin-Gorsky (from 1890 until 1920 or 1921).

Leshchenko, Dmitrii Il’ich (1876-1937). One of the chief figures in the Soviet cinema industry, and a professor at the Leningrad Technological Institute. In 1917 he worked as the first secretary of the State Commission on Education. In 1918 he directed the Petrograd Cinema Committee. From 1923 until 1929 he was director of a photograpahic and cinematic technical school. He organized showings of Prokudin-Gorsky’s photographs at the Winter Palace in March, 1918. He recommended Prokudin-Gorsky to V. I. Lenin as a candidate for appointment to the Expedition for the Procurement of State Documents (May, 1918).

Lianozov, David Ivanovich. Manager of the commercial firm of G. Pitoev in Baku. In January 1913 he invested in the trust company and firm “S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky and Co.”

Lianozov, Stepan Georgievich (1873-1949; according to other sources, 1872-1951). A major Russian oil industrialist. Director, manager, and member of the boards of over 20 oil and other companies, one of the organizers of the Russian General Oil Corporation (“Oil”). In January 1913 he invested in the trust company and firm “S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky and Co.”

Lunacharskii, Anatolii Vasil’evich (1875-1933). People’s Commissar of Education, 1918-1929. Most likely a sponsor of Prokudin-Gorsky in 1918.

Makarii. Monk at the St. Nicholas Monastery, Verkhotur’e. Grigory Rasputin considered him his mentor. In 1909 he posed for Prokudin-Gorsky.

Maksimovich, Sergei Olimpievich (1876-1941). Russian and Soviet scholar and inventor, colleague and business partner of Prokudin-Gorsky in the fields of color photography and color cinema.

Maumené, Edme-Jules (1818-1898). French scientist, author of a treatise on color photography, and supposedly one of Prokudin-Gorsky’s teachers. In fact it is highly unlikely they ever met, since Maumené died before Prokudin-Gorsky had become involved in color photography.

Melikov, Ivan Andreevich. Moscow merchant of the 2nd guild. Co-owner and manager of the “S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky and Co. (Photozincography)” trust company in St. Petersburg. Member of the boards of: “Biochrome”; “Tauz,” a society for the production of cement and other construction materials; the “Russian Puzzolana” society; The “Molot” society for mechanical and cast-iron factories; the “T. M. Lianozov and Sons” society for oil production; the “R. Golike and A. Vil’borg” society for typography, lithography, phototypography, and zincography; the “Aramazd” oil industry society.

Mendeleev, Vasilii Dmitrievich (1886-1922). Son of D. I. Mendeleev. In January 1907 he participated with Prokudin-Gorsky on an expedition to observe a solar eclipse.

Mendeleev, Dmitrii Ivanovich (1834-1907). Russian scientist and the supposed teacher of Prokudin-Gorsky. So far no documentary evidence of their relations has been located, but the fact that they knew each other is not in doubt. In the words of Prokudin-Gorsky himself, Mendeleev arranged the photographer’s first trip to Turkestan to observe a solar eclipse.

Metenkov, Veniamin Leont’evich (1857-1933). Well-known photographer from the Urals, active member of the Imperial Russian Technological Society. In 1909 he accompanied Prokudin-Gorsky on a photoexpedition along the Iset’ river.

Miethe, Adolph (1860-1926). German scientist, inventor of the technology of photography utilizing the color separation method. He ran a laboratory in Charlottenburg, near Berlin, where in 1902 Prokudin-Gorsky studied color photography. Prokudin-Gorsky himself considered Miethe his teacher.

Mrozovskaia, Elena Lukinichna. Petersburg photographer who founded her own studio which in 1913 became the “Women’s Russian-Slavic Artistic Photographic Workshop Elena.” Prokudin-Gorsky wrote about her admiringly (“The Anniversary of E. L. Mrozovskaia,” Fotograf-liubitel’, 1909, pp.35-36).

Nizovets, Lidiia Aleksandrovna (1896-1978). Wife of Mikhail Sergeevich Prokudin-Gorsky.

Ol’denburgskii, Aleksandr Petrovich (1844-1932). Prince, member of the State Council, infantry general, general adjutant. Founder of a resort in Gagry. Prokudin-Gorsky was apparently a guest of the prince during his photoexpeditions to Gagry; the prince’s automobile is shown in one of Prokudin-Gorsky’s photographs.

Pavlov, Evgenii Vasil’evich (1845-1916). Well-known Russian surgeon. Chairman of the Society for the Study of the Black Sea Coast of the Caucasus. In 1912 Prokudin-Gorsky photographed at his dacha in Uch-Dere.

Pokrovskii, Nikolai Vasil’evich (1848-1917). Scientist, director of the Archeological Institute, professor. He provided research support in organizing Prokudin-Gorsky’s photographic expeditions.

Popovitskii, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1868-1923). Russian scientist and inventor in the field of photography, the first rector of the Higher Institute for Photography and Phototechnology in Petrograd.

Prokudin-Gorsky, Dmitrii Sergeevich (1892-1963). Eldest son of Prokudin-Gorsky. A participant in a number of Prokudin-Gorsky’s photographic expeditions, he most likely took several photos in the collection.

Prokudin-Gorsky, Mikhail Nikolaevich (1837-1896?). Father of Prokudin-Gorsky.

Prokudin-Gorsky, Mikhail Sergeevich (1895-1961). Younger son of Prokudin-Gorsky. A participant in a number of Prokudin-Gorsky’s photoexpeditions, he probably shot several photos in the collection.

Prokudin-Gorsky, Vladimir Mikhailovich (1879-1960). Younger brother of Prokudin-Gorsky. Buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow.

Prokudina-Gorskaia, Ekaterina Sergeevna (1893-1976). Elder daughter of Prokudin-Gorsky.

Prokudina-Gorskaia, Elena Sergeevna (1921-1994). Younger daughter of Prokudin-Gorsky.

Prokudina-Gorskaia (Bardakova), Mariia Nikolaevna (?-1909). Mother of Prokudin-Gorsky. Owner of the “Mikhailovsky Manufactures” in Petersburg. Honorary member of the board of the Society of the Gatchina Copper-Smelting Plant of A. S. Lavrov. Philanthropist. Buried in Gatchina, where Prokudin-Gorsky had lived.

Putiatin, Mikhail Sergeevich (1861-1938). Prince. Patron of Prokudin-Gorsky, one of the organizers of his first meeting with the tsar.

Roerich (Rerikh), Nikolai Konstantinovich (1874-1947). Russian painter, archeologist, traveler, public figure, and thinker. At a meeting on January 21, 1911 of the Ethnography Section of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, Roerich and Prokudin-Gorsky presented a proposal about their planned trip along the Volga, through the Urals, and into Central Asia to take cinematic and photographic shots. The summer of that same year, in a letter from a German resort, Roerich told his wife that he did not want “ go to Kostroma with Prokudin.” Nevertheless, some of Roerich’s paintings literally reproduce a number of Prokudin-Gorsky’s architectural shots, possibly providing evidence of their association.

Romanov, Konstantin Konstantinovich (1858-1915). Grand Duke. One of Prokudin-Gorsky’s patrons, specifically, he sponsored an unrealized project to publish albums of Prokudin-Gorsky’s photographs.

Romanov, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (1878-1918). Grand Duke. A patron, beginning April 25, 1902, of the St. Petersburg Photography Society, and a supporter of Prokudin-Gorsky.

Romanov, Nikolai Aleksandrovich (Nicholas II) . The last Russian emperor. Beginning in 1909 he sponsored Prokudin-Gorsky’s photographic expeditions.

Romanov, Nikolai Konstantinovich (1850-1918). Grand Duke. Exiled to Turkestan, he began in 1886 a grandiose project to irrigate and colonize the Hungry Steppe. Prokudin-Gorsky devoted a large series of photography to this project and undoubtedly associated with the Grand Duke during the shoots.

Romanova (Dagmar), Mariia Fedorovna (1847-1928). Russian empress. She sponsored Prokudin-Gorsky and organized his first visit with the tsar. She invited Prokudin-Gorsky to photograph at the imperial villa near Copenhagen in October 1908.

Rukhlov, Sergei Vasil’evich (1852-1918). Minister of Communications and Transportation of Russia 1909-1915; by order of the tsar he provided assistance to Prokudin-Gorsky during his photoexpeditions.

Sarkisov, Georgii Stepanovich (1876-?). Official in the chancellery of the Minister of Trade and Industry, cinema industrialist, stockholder in the “Biochrome” company. In May 1914 Prokudin-Gorsky wrote him from Paris about the manufacture of equipment for color cinematography.

Seid Asfendiar-Bogadur-khan (1873-1918). Hereditary ruler of the khanate of Khiva from 1910 until 1918. He posed for Prokudin-Gorsky twice in 1911.

Seiid Mir-Alim-khan (Tiuria-dzhan) (1870-1944). The last Emir of Bukhara, he ruled from 1910 until 1920. He posed for Prokudin-Gorsky in 1911.

Selivanov, Nikolai Maksimovich. An associate of Prokudin-Gorsky in the pre-revolutionary period, until 1918, probably also during his first years in emigration.

Shadinov, Ivan Mikhailovich. Hereditary honorary citizen, commercial counselor, trusted agent of the Mantashev oil industrialists. Director of the M. G. Alibegov Society for wire, cable, and other mechanical production (Petersburg), Chairman of the board of the Biriusinskii gold mining society. Member of the boards of: Oil drilling society of Tersk Region, the Society for contract drilling and the E. F. Biering mechanical plant, the A. I. Mantashev and Co. Oil drilling and trade society, the “Mirzoev Brothers and Co.” Oil drilling and trade company, the South Sakhalin gold mining society. In January 1913 he was an investor in the trust company and firm “S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky and Co.”

Shaliapin, Fedor Ivanovich (1873-1938). Russian singer. He posed for Prokudin-Gorsky for anniversary photoportraits in 1915. His acquaintance with Prokudin-Gorsky came, most likely, through E. Stark.

Shchedrina, Mariia Fedorovna (1883-1969). Second wife of Prokudin-Gorsky (1921- ).

Shliakov, Ivan Aleksandrovich (1843-1919). Scholar, artist, curator of the Rostov museum and expert on Rostov antiquities. He was a scholarly consultant to Prokudin-Gorsky during photoshoots in Rostov the Great.

Sreznevskii, Viacheslav Izmailovich (1849-1937). Russian scientist in the field of scientific and technical photography. One of the founders (1878) and leaders (until 1916) of the Photography Section of the Imperial Russian Technological Society.

Stark, Boris Georgievich (1909-1996). Russian priest, relative of E. A. Stark. He officiated at the funeral of Prokudin-Gorsky at the Russian Home in Paris.

Stark, Eduard Aleksandrovich (pseudonym: “Siegfried”) (1874-1942). Russian music critic and art historian, a friend of Prokudin-Gorsky’s. According to one of Stark’s relatives, Prokudin-Gorsky shot his first color photographs at the dacha of Stark’s uncle in Finland (on Lake Kaukjärvi). It was presumably E. A. Stark who organized the photographing of Shaliapin by Prokudin-Gorsky.

Stolypin, Petr Arkad’evich (1862-1911). Prime Minister of Russia (1906-1911). He carried on negotiations about acquiring the Prokudin-Gorsky collection for the state.

Svechin (Swetchine), Dmitrii Nikolaevich (born 1920). Grandson of Prokudin-Gorsky (son of his daughter Ekaterina)

Svechin (Swetchine), Ivan Nikolaevich (born 1930). Grandson of Prokudin-Gorsky (son of his daughter Ekaterina).

Timashev, Nikolai Sergeevich (1886-1970). Russian legal scholar, professor. According to his daughter, countess Tatiana Nikolaevna Bobrinskaia, Prokudin-Gorsky occasionally dined with Timashev in emigration in Paris (where Timashev lived from 1932 until 1936).

Tolstaia, Sof’ia Andreevna (1844-1919). Wife of L. N. Tolstoy. Prokudin-Gorsky corresponded with her about the photo shoot at Yasnaya Polyana in May 1908. She posed there for one of Prokudin-Gorsky’s photographs.

Tolstoy, Lev Nikolaevich (1828-1910). Russian writer; he posed for Prokudin-Gorsky in May 1908.

Veselovskii, Nikolai Ivanovich (1849-1918). Professor, Head of the Imperial Archeological Commission. He provided research support in organizing Prokudin-Gorsky’s photographic expeditions.

Vorob’ev, Nikolai Ivanovich (1869 - ?). Secretary of the Society for the Study of the Black Sea Coast of the Caucasus. Prokudin-Gorsky corresponded with him during his photographic expedition along the Black Sea coast in 1912.

*English translation by Harold Leich  

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